New capabilities

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Science and Technology, Topic: Defense Technologies, Issue: Missiles and artillery

Context: DRDO successfully tested Agni-V ballistic missile with MIRV capability under ‘Mission Divyastra’.

  • MIRV (Multiple Independently-Targetable Reentry Vehicle): It is a technology that allows a single ballistic missile to carry multiple nuclear warheads and deliver them to separate targets.


  • Boosts India’s nuclear program and second-strike ability.
  • Consistent with India’s nuclear doctrine: no-first-use, credible deterrence, and massive retaliation if attacked.
  • Reinforces India’s deterrence, especially against China.
  • Improves India’s response to nuclear aggression, fostering regional stability.


  • Escalates regional dynamics, fueling one-upmanship through technological competition.
  • Competition for advanced nuclear capabilities could heighten tensions and increase regional instability.
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