The Bhutan Model

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: International Relations, Topic: India and its neighbourhood, Issue: India-Bhutan relation

Context: Prime Minister’s recent visit to Bhutan.

Growing presence of China in India’s neighbourhood:

  • China’s economic rise has enabled it to contest India’s primacy in South Asia, posing challenges to India’s influence in the region.
  • Bhutan is strategically vital for India due to its proximity to the Siliguri Corridor.
  • China’s pressure on Bhutan for a favourable border settlement and equal bilateral relations with India has strained Delhi-Thimphu ties.


  • India now acknowledges China’s growing challenge in South Asia and aims to deepen economic and security cooperation with its neighbours.
  • Success in Bhutan could serve as a model for improving India’s relations with other neighbouring
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