Shaping India’s path to inclusive health care

Syllabus: GS- I, Subject: Society and social justice, Topic: Social Sector-Health, Issue: Equity in health care

Health Equity:

  • Ensuring equal opportunity for optimal health, addressing social, economic, and environmental factors.

India’s health equity challenges:

  • Urban slums, exhibit health disparities due to overcrowding and poor sanitation.
  • Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes lag on health indicators.
  • Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for over 60% of all fatalities.
  • India suffers from a critical shortage of doctors, particularly in rural areas.

Existing steps to ensure equity:

  • Ayushman Bharat offer free health coverage to economically disadvantaged groups.
  • National Health Mission aims to bridge rural-urban healthcare.

The way ahead:

  • Collaboration among government, public, private, and NGO sectors.
  • Innovation, especially in digital health.
  • Evidence-based insights for policies and practices.
Scroll to Top