Rakhigarhi findings in NCERT books; Narmada Dam references dropped.

Syllabus: GS-II; Subject: Society and Social Justice; Topic: Social Sector – Education, Issue: NCERT.

Context: Revisions in NCERTs.

ConcernsCMechansiSRevision includeRevisions includes

  • DNA analysis findings from Rakhigarhi included in textbooks.
  • References to Narmada Dam project’s adverse effects on tribals removed.
  • Emphasizes need for further research on Harappans and Vedic people.


  • It is one of the sites of Indus Valley Civilisation located in Hissar, Haryana.
  • It is the largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent.
  • The site is located in the Sarasvati River plain, some 27 km from the seasonal Ghaggar river.


  • Hub for trade and commerce, evidenced by seals and commercial artifacts.
  • Religious structures like fire altars and terracotta figurines hint at spiritual beliefs and rituals.
  • Seals with script-like symbols offer insights into the language of the civilization.
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