Gone too soon — the subject of youth suicide in India

Syllabus: GS I, Subject: Society and Social justice, Topic: Social Sector-Health, Issue: Mental health

Context: As per NCRB reports,1.71 lakh people died by suicide in 2022.


  • Suicide is the tragic and untimely loss of human life, all the more devastating and perplexing because it is a conscious volitional act.

Reasons behind suicide:

  • Young girls and women- early marriages, domestic violence, and rigid gender roles.
  • Youth suicide- Educational pressure, parental expectations, and competitive exams.
  • Alcohol, substance use, internet addiction, and cyberbullying.
  • Sensational media reporting can trigger vulnerable individuals.

Steps needed to prevent suicides:

  • Teach impulse control and emotional regulation skills to young people.
  • Early identification of mental distress
  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including good diet, regular physical activity, and moderate internet use
  • Collaboration between health, education, information, and social welfare ministries
+1 advantage for mains(Data points)

·                 The Ministry of Health’s National Suicide Prevention Strategy aims to reduce suicide by 10% by 2030.

·                 In India, youth suicide risk factors include mental health problems (54%), family issues (36%), academic stress (23%), and social factors (20%).

·                 41% of suicides occur among individuals under 30 years old.

·                 Suicide is the leading cause of death for young women in India.

·                 A young Indian dies by suicide every eight minutes, posing a significant loss to family, society, and the economy.

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