China’s ‘Xiaokang’ border defence villages along the LAC, now being occupied

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Internal Security

Topic: Border Management

Issue: Line of Actual Control

  • Since 2019, China has been building villages along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), called Xiaokang or “well-off villages”.
  • as a way to assert Chinese claims over certain areas along the LAC.
  • the exact extent of the LAC has been a source of contention between the two countries for years.
  • The Indian government announced the Vibrant Villages Programme in 2022 to develop its border villages into modern villages.

Prelims Connect:

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Sino-Indian border dispute.


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