Multilateral treaties required for Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra management, says report.

Syllabus: GS-I, Subject: Geography, Topic: Resources – World and India, Issue: Multilateral treaties on rivers.

Context: Reports by ICIMOD and the Australian Water Partnership on water sharing treaties.

 Highlights of the Report:

  • Integrated river basin management is crucial for resilience to climate change in South Asia.
  • Integrated river basin management refers to a basin-wide approach to river planning, backed by quality data sharing on water availability, biodiversity and pollution between all stakeholders.
  • Underscores the necessity for multilateral treaties, particularly focusing on the Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra rivers.


  • Greater ‘hydro-solidarity‘ and climate diplomacy urged among countries.
  • Emphasis on harnessing indigenous and local knowledge for crisis resolution.
  • Plugging data gaps, enhancing water management, early warning systems, and disaster management.


Prelims Connect:


✔     Originates in the Tibetan Plateau.

✔     Flows through India Pakistan into the Arabian Sea.

✔     Governed by the Indus Water Treaty (1960) between India and Pakistan


✔     Originates in the Himalayas (Gangotri Glacier).

✔     Flows through India and Bangladesh.

✔     Initiatives like Namami Gange focus on its cleanup.


✔     Originates in Tibet, flows through India’s northeastern states.

✔     Joins the Ganges in Bangladesh.

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