State of employment in India: what a new report say about youth and women concern and caution

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Unemployment and issues, Issue: Measuring unemployment & Indices, trends, reports

Context: India Employment Report 2024 released by the Institute for Human Development and International Labor Organization

Key findings of the report:

  • Women’s labor force participation rate (LFPR’0 in 2022 was 32.8%, which is 2.3 times lower than men’s LFPR of 77.2%.
  • Almost 82% of the workforce engaged in the informal sector.
  • Self-employment is the primary source of employment, accounting for 55.8% in 2022.
  • The share of agriculture in total employment fell to around 42% in 2019 from 60% in 2000, with construction and services absorbing this shift.

The way ahead:

  • Promote job creation and improve employment quality.
  • Address labour market inequalities and strengthen skills development.
  • Bridge knowledge deficits on labour market patterns and youth employment.
  • Address challenges in gig or platform work, such as job security and irregular wages.
  • Boost productive non-farm employment, particularly in manufacturing.
  • Provide support to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises, including digitalization and AI tools and a cluster-based approach to manufacturing.
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