A women’s urban employment guarantee act

Syllabus: GS- I, Subject: Society and Social justice, Topic: Issues of women, Issue: Increasing women employment Rate

Context: Women’s Urban Employment Guarantee Act

  • Women empowerment is essential for reducing gender gap and achieving Sustainable Development Goals.
  • MGNREGA has given financial autonomy to rural women.
  • Poor employment rate in urban women (22.9%) and high unemployment rate (9%) in urban women comparision to their rural counterpart (4%): Periodic Labour Force Survey.

Women’s Urban Employment Guarantee Act (WUEGA) addressing concerns:

  • At least 50% female representation in program management staff.
  • Offer essential facilities including childcare, and work must be available within a 5-km radius.
  • Free public transportation for women and incentives like automatic inclusion in welfare boards are suggested.
  • Apprenticeships for women college students and Information Facilitation Centers for those who completed Class 10.
  • Include a social audit unit with at least 50% female staff for independent monitoring.
  • Women led initiative can play a key role in social sectors such as Swachh Bharat etc.
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