Complying with top court orders centre makes deemed forest reports public.

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management, Topic: Forest Conservation, Issue: Forest rights

Context: Ministry of Environment released reports identifying forest areas in compliance with SC order.


  • Forest Conservation Act (FCA): 2023 amendment questioned for excluding “deemed” forests from clearance requirement.
  • Expert Committees: Established to identify “deemed” forests based on dictionary definition, irrespective of notification or ownership.
  • Reports from 22 states lack detailed boundaries and specific locations, raising concerns about accuracy and completeness.
  • Government’s statements to parliamentary committee contradict report details, leading to scrutiny.
  • Inadequate information on deemed forests undermines conservation efforts and raises doubts about government’s commitment.
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