India achieves 16% decline in new TB cases and, 18% reduction in mortality since 2015: Report.

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Science & Technology; Topic: Medical science and Health, Issue: Tuberculosis Cases

Context: The findings of the report on Tuberculosis and Lung Cancer.

Highlights:

  • India has achieved a 16% decline in new TB cases since 2015.
  • Uttar Pradesh sees a significant increase in TB notifications.
  • National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP) continues free diagnostic services.
  • NTEP is a public health initiative launched by the Government of India to organize and manage the country’s efforts against tuberculosis (TB).

Lung Cancer:

  • WHO recognizes lung cancer as a significant public health concern.
  • Primarily linked to smoking tobacco.

Prelims Connect (Diseases in News)

Tuberculosis

ü  A contagious bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

ü  Primarily affects the lungs but can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.

Types:

ü  Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Affects the lungs. includes primary TB pneumonia and miliary TB.

ü  Extra pulmonary Tuberculosis: Seen in immunocompromised patients.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis: Coughing up blood and mucus.

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