Sensing China threat, India joins race to mine sea patch.

Syllabus: GS-I; Subject: Geography; Topic: Resources – World and India. Issue: India to mine sea patch.

Context: India seeks exploration rights from International Seabed Authority.

Key Highlights:

  • Targets Afanasy Nikitin Seamount (AN Seamount) rich in minerals.
  • Also applied for Carlsberg Ridge exploration.

Issues:

  • Reported Chinese activity in the region.
  • Sri Lanka claims rights to AN Seamount under separate laws.
  • Exploration rights specific to open ocean areas.
  • Continental Shelf Commission may impact India’s plans.

Prelims Connect  (Institutions in News):

International Seabed Authority (ISA):

·         Headquarters: Kingston, Jamaica.

·         Established in 1994 to regulate mining in the international seabed beyond national jurisdiction.

·         Created upon the entry into force of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

·         Organizes and controls mineral resources activities in the Area for the benefit of humankind.

·         Ensures effective protection of the marine environment from harmful effects of deep-seabed activities.

·         Functions: Grants licenses and regulates exploration and exploitation of mineral resources in the international seabed.

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