Selection and election: On the appointment of Election Commissioners

Syllabus: GS- II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Institutions, Issue: Appointment of Election Commissioners

Context: Appointment of two election commissioners.

Key issues in the appointment process

  • The process fell short of the independence mandated by the Supreme court in Anoop Baranwal judgement.
  • An interim arrangement was implemented with the Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition, and Chief Justice of India until Parliament enacted a law.
  • The government’s law replaced CJI with a Union Minister with potential executive dominance, raising concerns about independence.


The Court is currently deliberating whether an executive-majority committee can uphold ECI’s independence effectively.

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