PM Modi flags off railway project in Jammu and Kashmir: Route, challenges, benefits

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Infrastructure, Issue: infrastructure project in Jammu and Kashmir

Context: Prime Minister  inaugurated the Banihal-Sangaldan section.


  • Alternative travel option to the Valley when roads are not usable.
  • Opens far-off areas of Jammu division for tourists.
  • Reduces travel time between Srinagar and Jammu to 3-3.5 hours (currently 5-6 hours by road).
  • Facilitates hassle-free transport of goods like apples, dry fruits, pashmina shawls, and handicrafts to other parts of the country.
  • Expected significant reduction in the cost of transporting daily use items to the Valley from other parts of the country.


  • The Himalayas are young, geologically unstable nature.
  • Construction projects faced difficulties due to heavy snowfall, difficult terrain, and seismic activity in Zones IV and V.


  • Railways engineers developed the Himalayan Tunneling Method (HTM), using horseshoe-shaped tunnels instead of D-shaped ones,
  • HTM involves constructing tunnels in a curved shape, providing structural strength in loose soil conditions, particularly in areas with steep inclines exceeding 70 degrees.
  • This enhances the stability and durability of infrastructure in the region, ensuring safer transportation and connectivity.
Scroll to Top