First-ever survey puts India’s snow leopard count at 718.

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Environment

Topic: Species in News.

Issue: A survey report on Snow Leopard.

Context: According to a first-of-its-kind, four-year-long estimation exercise, India has an estimated 718 snow leopards in the wild.

Key points highlighted by the survey:

  • India is home to an estimated 10% of the global Snow Leopard population.
  • The highest number of snow leopards were found in Ladakh, followed by Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It is a collaborative effort involving various organizations including the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), the World Wide Fund for Nature-India, and the Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysuru.
  • Faces threats from factors such as human-wildlife conflict, poaching, and habitat loss.
(Prelims) Species in news: Snow leopard ·         IUCN Status:  ‘vulnerable’.

·         Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: Schedule I.

·         CITES:  the Appendix Iand Appendix I Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).

·         It is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia- including the Himalayas, and Russia’s remote Altai mountains.

·         Snow leopard range countries formed the Global Snow Leopard Forum (GSLF) and signed the Bishkek Declaration.

·         Indian National Parks where the Snow Leopard is likely to be spotted:

o   Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary – Himachal Pradesh

o   Ulley Valley – Ladakh

o   Hemis National Park – Himachal Pradesh

Project Snow Leopard :

·         Launched in 2009, by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate.

·         To promote an inclusive, participatory, and landscape-based approach to conserving Snow Leopards and their habitat in India.

·         The project is operational in five Himalayan states: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.


Scroll to Top