Is the Katchatheevu island disputed.

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: International Relations, Topic: India and its neighborhood, Issue: India-Sri Lanka relations

Context: Katchatheevu Island issue

Katchatheevu Island:

  • Katchatheevu became part of Sri Lanka through an agreement signed in 1974.
  • The islet is historically significant for fisher folk from both India and Sri Lanka, hosting an annual festival at St. Anthony’s Church.
  • The 1974 agreement faced opposition in the Indian Parliament, leading to debates and walkouts, particularly from Tamil Nadu politicians.
  • The issue resurfaced in 1991, with Tamil Nadu Chief Minister demanding retrieval.
  • The Union government’s stance, as of 2013 and 2022, asserts that Katchatheevu is under Sri Lankan jurisdiction, with no territory ceded by India.
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